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Friday, July 20, 2012

The Foundations - Baby Now That I Found You (1967-76 uk, excellent multi blended solid soul, with tight grooves and bluesy feeling, double disc set)

The Foundations were a surprisingly obscure late-'60s outfit, considering that they managed to reach the tops of the both the British and American charts more than once in the space of a year and had a solid three years of recordings. At the time of their debut in mid-1967, they were hailed as being among the most authentic makers of soul music ever to emerge from England -- the best practitioners of the Motown sound to be found on the far side of the Atlantic -- and were also accepted in jazz circles as well. "Baby Now That I've Found You," "Build Me Up Buttercup," and "In the Bad, Bad Old Days" were the biggest hits for this multi-racial octet, made up of Londoners and West Indians.

The Foundations were formed in January 1967 in the basement of a local coffee bar in Bayswater, gathered together through advertisements in Melody Maker. Lead singer Clem Curtis was a former boxer from Trinidad, while lead guitarist Alan Warner had been making his living in the printing trade in London while waiting for music to pay off. Flautist/saxman Pat Burke hailed from Jamaica, tenor saxman Mike Elliott had played with Colin Hicks (brother of Tommy Steele) in his band the Cabin Boys, as well as in several jazz bands, and trombonist Eric Allan Dale was another jazz veteran. Tony Gomez (keyboards), Peter Macbeth (bass), and Tim Harris (drums) rounded out the lineup. They selected the name Foundations based on their surroundings, a rehearsal space in the basement of a building.

The group made very little headway during their first few months together, although they did manage to get an audition at the Marquee Club. It was at their regular spot at a much smaller club called the Butterfly -- where they played one legendary gig on the last night of the Stax/Volt European tour -- that led to their breakthrough. They were spotted by record dealer Barry Class, who was impressed enough with what he heard to become their manager. He arranged a meeting with Pye Records producer/songwriter Tony Macaulay, who was working with Long John Baldry with some success, but also was desperately looking for a new act to break for the label. He'd written a song with his partner John Macleod called "Baby Now That I've Found You," which seemed to suit the Foundations.

The resulting single, issued in the summer of 1967, got no reaction from the public or on the airwaves until it got picked up by the BBC's newly founded Radio 1, by a stroke of pure luck. The station wanted to avoid any records being played by the pirate radio broadcasters, and looked back at recent releases that the pirates had missed. "Baby Now That I've Found You" was the immediate beneficiary, along with the group -- by November, the single held the number one spot on the British charts. The group's timing was as perfect as the song -- there had been a soul boom in England since late 1965, and the subsequent Motown and Stax/Volt tours by American R&B stars only heightened the public's interest.

The Foundations were hailed for being the first British band to come up with an authentic soul sound, and the fact that they were first multiracial band to top the British charts only made their success that much more impressive (at a time when England was beginning to come to grips with its own racial attitudes). What's more, the group had the goods to back up the press' accolades. Their performances revealed a seasoned, well-rehearsed, exciting stage presence and a bold, hard soul sound that most British bands managed to imitate only in the palest manner, if at all.

Meanwhile, their debut single got to number 11 on the American charts in the hands of MCA's Uni label, and it was equally well-received in the rest of the world, selling something more than three-and-a-half million copies. Suddenly, the Foundations were a British phenomenon and had a world-wide following.

An album, From the Foundations, was duly recorded and featured some superb material, embracing both current soul and the then-popular discotheque sounds. The covers included everything from Joe Tex ("Show Me") to Tony Hatch ("Call Me," in a version worthy of Motown), as well as some new Macaulay/Macleod numbers. The debut album never made the British charts, but it remained in print for years, a perennial seller that held up well over time.

Unfortunately, a follow-up single, "Back on My Feet Again," didn't crack the British Top Ten, despite very heavy airplay and promotion, and barely made the U.S. Top 50. In retrospect, it may have been too similar to "Baby Now That I've Found You," which had sold in enormous numbers. Its relative failure led to the beginnings of a split between the group and Macaulay, as both songwriter and producer, exacerbated by the latter's decision -- as their producer -- not to permit the group to record any of their own songs, even as B-sides. Additionally, they felt that Macaulay reined in their "real" sound, making them seem more pop-oriented than they were.

These disagreements occurred at just about the same time that the group itself began experiencing internal fractures. It seemed to Curtis, in particular, that some of the other members, having topped the charts and chalked up an international hit, weren't putting out the same effort they'd been giving to the group when they were still struggling.

Curtis was persuaded to pursue a solo career, ironically right after he'd recorded perhaps the best track he ever cut with the group, a killer rendition of "It's All Right," a number they'd been knocking crowds dead with on stage all along. (They also released a live album, Rocking the Foundations.) Additionally, saxman Elliott quit as well, and was never replaced. Curtis was succeeded by Colin Young, a good singer in his own right who fit in perfectly with the group's sound, and the reconstituted group hit once more in early 1969 with "Build Me Up Buttercup," written by Macaulay with Mike D'Abo, which reached number two in England and number one in America. "In the Bad, Bad Old Days (Before You Loved Me)" was yet another hit, reaching the U.K. Top Ten and the U.S. Top 30.

The band's success finally faltered when Macaulay exited Pye Records. As he later revealed, he was still being paid solely as a producer and he received no royalties for his songs, despite millions of copies sold. With his departure, the group was cut off from the only composer who'd written all of their hits. Additionally, the sounds of soul were changing faster than the group could assimilate it all -- they tried for a funkier, James Brown-type sound on their last recordings together in 1970 but failed to attract any attention.

The Foundations split in 1970, and by the middle of the decade that followed, Curtis revived the band -- but so had Young, and both outfits were called the Foundations. A lawsuit resulted in Curtis getting the rights to the original name, while Young was allowed to use the New Foundations. The group remains fondly remembered, if not often written about, in England, and it achieved some fresh international recognition in 1998 when "Build Me Up Buttercup" appeared prominently in the hit movie There's Something About Mary. Curtis continues to perform in a revived version of the group, and he and Warner have recorded new versions of the Foundations' classic numbers. 
by Bruce Eder

Disc 1
1. Baby, Now That I've Found You - 2:38
2. Come On Back To Me - 2:16
3. Back On My Feet Again - 2:56
4. I Can Take Or Leave Your Lovin - 2:18
5. Hold Me Just A Little While Longer (Barbara Ruskin) - 2:28
6. Love Is A Five Letter Word (Gene Barge) - 4:17
7. Call Me (Tony Hatch) - 2:29
8. Show Me (Joe Tex) - 2:54
9. Jerkin The Dog (James T. Shaw) - 3:01
10.A Whole New Thing (Jerry Goldstein) - 2:54 
11.The Writing's On The Wall - 2:17
12.Mr Personality Man - 2:29
13.Any Old Time You're Lonely And Sad - 2:53
14.(We Are) Happy People (Eric Allendale) - 2:53
15.It's All Right (Wayne Jackson) - 3:03
16.Build Me UP Buttercup (Michael d'Abo, Tony Macaulay) - 3:00
17.New Direction (Alan Warner) - 3:01
18.Am I Groovin You (Bert Berns, Jeff Barry) - 3:11
19 Harlem Shuffle (Bob Relf, Earl Nelson) - 3:10
20.Tomorrow (Clem Curtis) - 4:48
21.Give Me Love (Colin Young) - 2:51
Songs written by John MacLeod, Tony Macaulay except where indicated
Tracks 1-12  "From The Foundations"
Tracks 13-21 "Build Me Up Buttercup"

Disc 2 
1. My Little Chickadee - 3:00
2. Till Night Brought Day (Alan Warner, Peter McBeth, Tony Gomesz) - 3:11
3. Waiting On The Shores Of Nowhere (Jack Winsley) - 3:09
4. In The Bad. Bad Old Days (Before You Loved Me) - 3:25
5. A Penny, Sir (Colin Young) - 3:13
6. I Can Feel It (Eric Allendale) - 3:42
7. Take Away The Emptiness Too- 3:01
8. Let The Heartaches Befiin- 2:57
9. A Walk Through The Trees (Pat Burke) - 3:40
10.That Same Old Feeling - 3:09
11.Solomon Grundy (Eric Allendale) - 4:09 
12.Born To Live, Born To Die (Eric Allendale, Tony Gomez, Foundations) - 3:46
13.Why Did You Cry (Tony Gomez) - 2:12
14.Baby, I Couldn't See (John Worsley) - 3:30
15.Take A Girl Like Vou (Bill Martin, Phil Coulter) - 2:39
16.I'm Gonna Be A Rich Man (Colin Young) - 3:48
17.In The Beginning (Colin Young) - 4:06
18.The New Foundations - I Need Your Love I (Colin Young) - 2:25
19.The New Foundations Something For My Baby (Unknown) - 3:12
20.Where The Fire Burns (Unknown) - 5:35
All titles by John MacLeod, Tony Macaulay  unlsess else written.
Tracks 1-11  "Diggin' The Foundations"
Tracks 12-20  "45' Singles"

The Foundations
*Clem Curtis - Lead Vocals
*Colin Young - Lead Vocals
*Arthur Brown - Vocals
*Alan Warner - Lead Guitar
*Peter Macbeth - Bass
*Steve Bingham - Bass
*Tim Harris - Drums
*Tony Gomez - Keyboards
*Pat Burke - Tenor Saxophone, Flute
*Mike Elliott - Tenor Saxophone
*Eric Allandale - Trombone
*Paul Lockey - Bass
*Mike D'abo  -Piano
*John McLeod - Piano

Pluto - Pluto (1971 uk, rich flavoured hard rock)

PLUTO, although not necessarily one of those bands who spring immediately to mind as having been a seminal influence on the weaving of Rock Music’s tapestry nevertheless remain an excellent, if little-known and much underrated band, whose only album (originally released on the DAWN label back in November 1971) has during the latter halt of the '80s. become a much sought-after item in the ever-expanding Underground/Progressive sector of the Record Collector's market.

Conceived initially by guitarist Paul Gardner and taking their name from the Disney cartoon character they were formed in North London in 1970. The key members weir Gardner and Alan Warner, two highly experienced campaigners from widely disparate musical backgrounds - their full personnel comprising Paul Gardner (guitar/vocals), Alan Warner (guitar/vocal), Mick Worth (Bass) and Derek Jervis (drums).

During the early/mid '60s Paul Gardner had drifted itinerantly around North London's active Beat Group scene, appearing in a myriad of Pop/R&R/R&B groups, eventually winding up in Jack s Union - a heavy. Psychedelic outfit who had established a residency at the Kew Boat House. They were in fact one of the very last groups to record for legendary indie producer Joe Meek - they'd done a couple of sessions at his tiny Halloway Road studio and even signed a recording contract with hint, merely weeks before his suicide in February 1967.

Nevertheless it does seem unlikely that they would ever have established much of a musical rapport with Meek. They'd created something of a reputation for heads-down lunacy - and, latching onto the more sensational/destructive aspects of Hendrix and The Who. they soon attracted considerable media attention: notably for their "finale" a loose jam built around "Purple Hue" which involved the decapitation and subsequent dismemberment of a taylor's dummy Needless to say the crowd loved it: and a suitably appreciative mention in Melody Maker's influential The Raven" column sealed their fame, virtually guaranteeing their instant notoriety.

However, they were unable to convert their new-found cult status to sound commercial success - and they eventually split* Gardner meandering off on his travels againnworking variously with a mainstream Psychedelic band (they supported Rory Gallagher's Taste at Hamburg's Star Club), Hawkwind (albeit only very briefly), (Cochise Skin Alley, High Tide, and Trees (a much underrated band with whom Gardner played bass, now chiefly remembered for several tremendous sessions on John Peel's Top Gear') - finally teaming up with guitarist Alan Warner and ex-Mighty Joe Young drummer Derek Jervis to form Pluto. Warner was in fact the most experienced/successful member, his most recent gig having been with The Foundations a hugely popular multiracial Soul/Pop group who had scored heavily during the late '60’s with several Tony Macaulay/John Macleod songs.

However, long before The Foundations. Warner had been on the road, accumulating vast experience. Originally somtething of a child prodigy. he'd actually started gigging as a 13-year old. playing in an instrumemas-only group, his earliest influences being the likes of Duane Eddy and The Venture*. His first "real" group The Trekkers circa 1962 saw him operating in traditional '60s Beat Boom territory, working the usual repertoire of R&B/R&R standards - as did his next half-dozen or so groups as he drifted through the North London group scene. Only one seems to have made a lasting impression on him – The Dwellers: highly regarded localy they were by all accounts excellent live, earning their living principally via tours of the US Air Bases.

Following a brief Mint with the Leesiders Sect- an out-and-out Blues group – he spend a couple of years in the lucrative world of sessions before getting back into live music on the back of the Soul boom. He joined the Ramong Sound - later simply The Ramong - a raw. powerful R&B/Soul/Ska outfit featuring two black lead singers, who rapidly established a massive reputation on the London club scene for their live set. A further change of name saw them repositioned as The Foundation Sound (later amended to the more manageable, familiar version) when one of the two featured vocalists – Ramong, after whom taken their name – was detained at Her Majesty’s pleasure following a spot of domestic bother. An introduction to Pye Records' Tony Macaulay did the trick, and within a few months they were at No.1 with "Baby Now That I've Found You", headlining national package tours in the company of Edwin Starr and The Toys. But by 1970, The Foundations were on the verge of calling it a day; the run of hits had dried up, personnel changes had robbed them of key members, and they were working the group's name strictly for the bread. Warner had long since decided that a significant change in musical direction was in order; sick of playing soul muzak and keen to get back to playing again, he'd decided to get his teeth into the mushrooming rock scene, to which end he teamed up with Gardner and Jervis in the embryonic Pluto, at first alternating rehearsals with his contractual commitments to The Foundations.

Following extensive and exhausting auditions, ex-used car salesman/wideboy Mick Worth, an out-and-out extrovert whose CV included a stint in Black August, was recruited on bass. An enthusiastic live performer, he was by all accounts selected as much for his equipment (notably a large transit van!), stage presence and undeniable qualities as a poseur, as for his abilities as a bassist; among his impressive array of hardware was a Precision bass which had previously belonged to The Who's John Entwistle.

Thus constituted, they signed to the Terry King Agency and took to the road; their bluesy, hard-rock set quickly won them a fair old reputation and a loyal following on the university/college circuit, which they quickly expanded upon, eventually establishing themselves as regulars at many of the more prestigious gigs - notably The Marquee - and appearing in a supporting role at several of the outdoor festivals of that era, most memorably at the National Jazz, Folk and Blues Festival in Plumpton, supporting The Who. And they toured with just about everybody; their peer groups at the time including the likes of Thin Lizzy, Genesis, Tyrannosaurus Rex, and, in particular, the first wave of HM bands, whose sound was clearly reflected in Pluto's set.

Now, by the end of the '60s, pop music's metamorphosis info the multi-limbed monster which we now all know as rock, was more or less complete - to the apparent surprise and consternation of certain areas of the music industry. Take Pye Records for example, they were musically well out of touch and they knew it; their chart regulars were Val Doonican, Joe Dolan and Pickettywitch; they'd long since lost Joe Brown, The Searchers and Long John Baldry, the hits had dried up for The Kinks, Status Quo and Donovan, they'd missed out on the psychedelic trip entirely, and they were having desperate trouble getting to grips with this new 'progressive' or 'underground' stuff which they'd been reading about in Melody Maker.

Other record companies were making genuine efforts to get to grips with this new market - initially by signing new bands, and ultimately by creating new specialist labels as their outlet. Consequently, this sudden, seemingly overnight, appearance of a whole new slew of hip indies - Island, Immediate, Charisma, Chrysalis, etc., all of whom were not only grimy with street cred, they all appeared to know exactly what they were up to (EMI had successfully inaugurated Harvest; Philips/Mercury had the excellent Vertigo label; Polydor seemed to have dozens of them - Track, Reaction, Marmalade, etc., and even staid old Decca had launched their Deram/Nova subsidiary), rather left Pye out in the cold, to which end they activated the Dawn label in 1970, scoring immediately with Mungo Jerry (who initially confounded the concept of the new label by registering as a singles band!) During the next few years, Dawn was responsible for the release of many notable albums, including those by artists as diverse as Man, Mungo Jerry, John Kongos, Prelude, Mike Cooper, Tim Rose, etc., as well as, of course, Pluto.

A demo cut at Island's studios did the rounds of the record companies and eventually led to the deal with Dawn; consequently, early in 1971, they found themselves in Pye's Marble Arch studios with a somewhat bemused John Macleod who'd been designated as producer on the project. Now, although Macleod was an experienced pop producer/songwriter, he'd never previously worked in the rock idiom, which, by all accounts made for some fairly hairy moments and severe culture clashes! Nevertheless, it all came together surprisingly well; released in late '71, the album received favourable and encouraging reviews, and whilst it never registered chart status, it remained a steady seller whilst it was in catalogue, and served to further underscore their grass roots popularity. The overtly commercial "Rag A Bone Joe" was taken off the album and released as a single without success, which actually perturbed the band not at all as they had recorded the track only very reluctantly (back-op vocals on the track were supplied by Brotherhood Of Man, would you believe!) and under extreme pressure from producer Macleod, who'd written it.

In the Spring of '72, a second single was released, comprising two new tracks not found on the album, "I Really Want It"/"Something That You Loved" - it was playlisted by Radio One and was very nearly an unexpected hit, picking up substantial airplay for several weeks. Lead vocals on this single were supplied by new boy John Gilbert (formerly with Cochise) who had joined Pluto briefly, thus expanding them to a quintet; however, he was destined to stay with them only for around six months, whereupon they carried on in their original format as a four-piece. They continued gigging for another 12 months or so, eventually grinding to a halt in 1973 - as a direct result of the miners' strike! Increasingly disillusioned with turning up at gigs only to find that they had been cancelled due to the three-day week, they finally elected to call it a day following a particularly frustrating gig at the Coventry Poly, during which they suffered a power cut literally hallway through their set.

Having split up, they strayed off in curious directions. Gardner and Worth continued working together briefly as a duo, using the name PM. They toured with Hawkwind and generated some interest principally for a bass-synth unit which Worth had built and which for a few weeks became a topic of considerable interest and speculation in Melody Maker Letters/Equipment columns. However, the liaison ultimately led to nothing, and Gardner eventually drifted out of rock'n'roll and went back to his day job in print (he now works for one of our best-known tabloids), although he has started to get back into songwriting, having recently written a track which has been recorded by Status Quo! Worth returned to the world of used cars - he was last seen with short hair, tuning go-karts for a living and driving a Rolls Royce.

Drummer Jervis went home to his native Warrington and is believed still to be drumming with local bands. Warner is the only one who has maintained links with rock, albeit tenuous links, taking in at various junctures sessions; drifting through various faceless bands, a spell giving guitar lessons, running his own small studio, demonstrating guitars, etc. He's currently very much on an 'up' again, having recently written a series of massive-selling lead guitar instruction manuals, "Alan Warner's Guitar Cook Book", a partwork, which comes complete with flexi-discs demonstrating each lesson.

In hindsight, they had been desperately unlucky with "I Really Want It", which had shown all the early signs of success before tailing off. Perhaps if they'd been allowed to record the live track which they were so desperately keen to do, "Fake It", the highlight of their live set, which they'd found totally impossible to recreate in the studio, then possibly it might all just have turned out differently. But the album, whilst it received several enthusiastic reviews and had been a strong seller amongst their vast legion of loyal fans, was never going to be a chart item: it was given minimal promotion by Pye (just a handful of PAs at sundry record shops), which frankly, ain't the way to break a new band.

In fact, just about the only national publicity they generated was unintentional - they'd been using a cartoon caricature of the Disney character, a drawing of a dog holding a guitar, for publicity purposes. It was also their intention to use this illustration on the cover of the album; however, Disney threatened them with a writ unless they paid an exorbitant fee, to which end they ended up with Pluto the God Of War on the sleeve!

This compilation reissues the original album in its entirety, plus the two tracks which comprised their near-hit single. The material here, written by Gardner & Warner, with the exception of the aforementioned "Rag A Bone Joe", features the bulk of their live set (which they'd broken in on the road well before the sessions for the album, hence the band's comfortable and confident approach to it all!), albeit in a considerably less manic vein than their live performance. Prompting evocative memories of many other heavy rock bands of the era, notably Bad Company, Black Sabbath, even Led Zepp, this stuff still sounds well tasty across the years. The standout is easily "I Really Want It", built on a familiar riff (sounding remarkably like some of the early '70s glam rock stuff, actually), it's easy to see why it picked up the airplay.

Gardner's material (on which he takes the lead vocals) tends to be the more 'up', mainstream rock material: "Down And Out" (with its typically powerful riffing), "Stealing My Thunder" (featuring some tasty slide guitar), "Cross Fire" (which brings to mind early Black Sabbath), and "Bare Lady" (ditto) all being outstanding. Warner's tracks (on which he sings lead) tend to be heavier and more menacing, notably "And My Old Rocking Horse"; "She's Innocent" and "Road To Glory" with their power chords, riffing and liberal use of fuzzbox. A few tracks find them experimenting with vocal harmonies, somewhat in the manner of early ELO: "Mr. Westwood", "Beauty Queen" and "Something That You Loved". And finally, the less said about "Rag A Bone Joe", the better.

So here we have the complete recorded legacy of Pluto, a group who came so close to making it, yet never quite achieved that final breakthrough which makes all the difference. True, they may not merit much more than a stitch or two in the bottom left-hand corner of rock'n'roll tapestry, but they nevertheless left behind a corker of an album, an excellent single and memories of dozens of powerful, raw, atmospheric gigs, which ain't too bad an epitaph, is it!
by J.E Barnes

1. Crossfire - 3:15
2. And My Old Rocking Horse (Alan Warmer) - 3:52
3. Down and Out - 3:09
4. She's Innocent (Alan Warmer) - 3:34
5. Road To Glory (Alan Warmer) - 4:24
6. Stealing My Thunder - 3:29
7. Beauty Queen - 3:33
8. Mister West wood - 4:39
9. Rag A Bone Joe - 2:53
10.Bare Lady - 4:07
11.I Really Want It (Bonus track) - 2:53
12.Something That You Loved (Bonus track)  (Warmer, Fordbam) - 3:44
13.Rag A Bone Joe (Bonus track, Alt. Mix) - 2:38
All songs by Paul Gardner except if else stated.

*Paul Gardner - Guitar, Vocals
*Alan Warmer - Guitar, Vocals
*Michael Worth - Bass Guitar
*Derek Jervis - Drums

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