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Plain and Fancy

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Sunday, October 27, 2013

LOU REED (March 2, 1942 – October 27, 2013)

Lou Reed, Velvet Underground Leader 
and Rock Pioneer, Dead at 71

Lou Reed, a massively influential songwriter and guitarist who helped shape nearly fifty years of rock music, died today. The cause of his death has not yet been released, but Reed underwent a liver transplant in May.

With the Velvet Underground in the late Sixties, Reed fused street-level urgency with elements of European avant-garde music, marrying beauty and noise, while bringing a whole new lyrical honesty to rock & roll poetry. As a restlessly inventive solo artist, from the Seventies into the 2010s, he was chameleonic, thorny and unpredictable, challenging his fans at every turn. Glam, punk and alternative rock are all unthinkable without his revelatory example. "One chord is fine," he once said, alluding to his bare-bones guitar style. "Two chords are pushing it. Three chords and you're into jazz."

Lewis Allan "Lou" Reed was born in Brooklyn, in 1942. A fan of doo-wop and early rock & roll (he movingly inducted Dion into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989), Reed also took formative inspiration during his studies at Syracuse University with the poet Delmore Schwartz. After college, he worked as a staff songwriter for the novelty label Pickwick Records (where he had a minor hit in 1964 with a dance-song parody called "The Ostrich"). In the mid-Sixties, Reed befriended Welsh musician John Cale, a classically trained violist who had performed with groundbreaking minimalist composer La Monte Young. Reed and Cale formed a band called the Primitives, then changed their name to the Warlocks. After meeting guitarist Sterling Morrison and drummer Maureen Tucker, they became the Velvet Underground. With a stark sound and ominous look, the band caught the attention of Andy Warhol, who incorporated the Velvets into his Exploding Plastic Inevitable. "Andy would show his movies on us," Reed said. "We wore black so you could see the movie. But we were all wearing black anyway."

"Produced" by Warhol and met with total commercial indifference when it was released in early 1967, VU’s debut The Velvet Underground & Nico stands as a landmark on par with the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band and Bob Dylan's Blonde On Blonde. Reed's matter-of-fact descriptions of New York’s bohemian demimonde, rife with allusions to drugs and S&M, pushed beyond even the Rolling Stones’ darkest moments, while the heavy doses of distortion and noise for its own sake revolutionized rock guitar. The band’s three subsequent albums – 1968’s even more corrosive sounding White Light/White Heat, 1969’s fragile, folk-toned The Velvet Underground and 1970’s Loaded, which despite being recorded while he was leaving the group, contained two Reed standards, “Rock & Roll” and “Sweet Jane,” were similarly ignored. But they’d be embraced by future generations, cementing the Velvet Underground’s status as the most influential American rock band of all time.   
by Jon Dolan, October 27, 2013


George Dimakis said...

He was one of the greatesr!!
His influence of the music industry was unique!

Brain Police said...

I will give "Sister Ray" an extra spin, real loud!

Anonymous said...

I dare you to listen to street hassle without crying now.

Lamz said...

IMO, he was almost a no talent bum! Rock and Roll Animal was the only decent thing he did and that was because of two hot rod guitar players. They said that San Fransisco had the Grateful Dead and New York had the Velvet Underground, New York got screwed.

Anonymous said...

He died of liver disease. At home. Surrounded by his family, as he had wished it. The disease set in to the new liver and the doctors told him there was nothing else they could do. Or so I've gathered from another news story....
I'll bet he has a burial place. Most rock and rollers these days seek privacy by opting for a cremation. But I don't think it will be this way in Lou's case. He loved the common people. And of course, they loved him...

Anonymous said...

Lou will always be considered as one of the most influential artist's of his time by both his peers and his fans who never was afraid to break new ground and never sold out. His music will live forever. R.I.P.

Pello said...

A master.